Dr Shyamji Rawat, Dr Aradhna Tripathi, Dr Pranjil Mandloi, Dr Pushpendra Tiwari


Background-Knowledge regarding regional variations of cancer burden and their associated risk factors will help to specify priorities and appropriate management. The present study was thus conducted at a tertiary care centre to assess the burden of various cancers and associated risk factors.

Methodology- This study was conducted as a record based retrospective study from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2019.  Data regarding sociodemographic variables and occurrence of cancer were analysed in terms of proportions of various cancers and presence of risk factors.

Results- records of 10811 patients were retrieved from Cancer registry from year 2015 to year 2019. Mean age of patients in present study was 50.04±17.07 years. Most common cancer reported in present study in Central India was oral cancer (31.8%) followed by cancer cervix (15.2%). Cancer breast was the third most common cancer in present study. Gutkha was the most common risk factor for oral cancer (99.1%) and about 81.8% females with cervical cancer were addicted to gutka, Bidi smoking and cigarette smoking were the most common risk factor associated with lung cancer in 99.6% and 99.2% cases respectively.

Conclusion- This hospital-based study describes the pattern of various cancers and associated risk factors in Central India. Most common risk factors among both male and females were tobacco chewing and gutkha and the associated cancers were head and neck cancers. Therefore, strict legislation on tobacco and related products must be brought into action to prevent occurrence of such cancer and associated morbidities and suffering.


Cancer, Central India, risk factors, tobacco, Cancer registry

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